TURKISH NATIONAL PACT
23 July 2023 marks the centennial anniversary of the Treaty of Lausanne. It took place between the Ottoman Empire and the allied powers. The latter consisted of French Republic, British Empire, Kingdom of Italy, Empire of Japan, Kingdom of Greece, and the Kingdom of Romania. Yet, the newly found Republic of Türkiye, that inherited the Ottoman Empire, has always, unofficially, considered this treaty, as an imposition. Now, a century later, the regime in power in Türkiye may very well believe that time has come to correct this wrong. In that context, the question for the West, naturally would be: What to do with Mîsâk-ı Millî?
What is Mîsâk-ı Millî?
Mîsâk-ı Millî means Turkish National Pact.
It primarily defined the borders of Türkiye, envisioned by Young Turks, led by Mustafa Kemal Atatürk in 1920. Besides Türkiye proper, it also included the northern third of Iraq, and equally from Syria, and Greece of today, along with twelve islands in the Aegean Sea. Some additional territories from Bulgaria and the Caucasus were part of it as well.
Atatürk declared the Mîsâk-ı Millî in a speech. He said “It is the nation’s iron fist that writes the Nation’s Oath which is the main principle of our independence to the annals of history.” This statement worried the allies. As a consequence, the British, French and Italian troops occupied Istanbul on 16 March 1920.
Newly established Turkish nationalist parliament in Ankara, in turn, declared the War of Independence against the Allies. The Mîsâk-ı Millî, at the end of the war, became the basis for the claims of the Turkish Grand National Assembly in the Treaty of Kars. After that, the new Republic of Turkey tabled the Mîsâk-ı Millî again in the Treaty of Lausanne.
What to do with Mîsâk-ı Millî?
The Mîsâk-ı Millî, coupled with the Mavi Vatan, will simply make Türkiye a legitimate world power. As a result, Türkiye would become the leader of the Turkic and Muslim nations. Hence, natural progression in the New World Order will guide Türkiye, Turks, and Muslim ummah in general to find their rightful place anew.
Azerbaijan, Uzbekistan, Turkmenistan, Kazakhstan, and Kyrgyzstan already formed the Organization of Turkic States (OTS). Türkiye long considered by them as their natural leader. Even countries like Hungary and Ukraine are already on board under such leadership. More will join soon. Some others are progressing towards this union quietly.
Considering Muslim majority states make up quarter of the world there is a lot of room to grow. Population wise Muslim ummah will soon make one third of the world. Like in the past, they will yearn for a spiritual leadership and they will find it among Turks. For the record, Turks have done it before more than once with the Seljuks and the Ottomans.
Supreme Order of the Turkish World
Türkiye, in the twenty-first century, together with the OTS members will have capacity to deliver to the aspirations of Muslims and non-Muslims alike. Their orbit will extend from Asia to Europe to Africa. Everything will take a start from the Mîsâk-ı Millî. That is why Türkiye: What to do with Mîsâk-ı Millî matters.
As for the supreme order of the Turkish world, it is an elusive term like Kızıl Elma. Nonetheless both exist in the heart and mind of Turks. The West cannot afford to ignore or not to understand them. At the same time, how the West reacts towards them also matters. What the West has done when it first heard the Mîsâk-ı Millî in 1920 is not advisable.
Currently, Türkiye is a domineering economic and military power in a vast region. It has to remain a benevolent center state for a cluster of states. It has to be part of a balance of power in the new world order. Only then, it would benefit the United States of America but it would also be acceptable to the rest of the rising powers of the East.
I have authored GameChanger in 2020. I explained it thoroughly why, how, and what. Unfortunately so far the leadership in the West, what is left of it that is, remained oblivion to the realities at hand. Recent visits from Wash DC to Ankara, for example, are clear examples. One represented the regime in power in Wash DC. The other had nothing to do with it. Yet, both came back empty handed.
Unfortunately most of the elite in the US and the West still live in the twentieth century arrogance galore. While the rest of the world moved on to the twenty first century realities. As a result, for example, the US approach to international law has already formed the basis for the Mîsâk-ı Millî. Globalists reign since early 1990s paved the way.
When the US Approach to International Law
Becomes the Basis
What do with Mîsâk-ı Millî?
The short answer: Not much, if anything at all.
As an independent sovereign, the United States believed that it is fully entitled to interpret international law for itself. The views of international organizations, including the United Nations, other states, and non-governmental organizations (NGOs) may be informative. The US believed that they were not legally binding unless, and only to the extent that, the United States agreed to be bound.
In the twentieth century, the US strived to realize this goal. It was successful in the second half of the century when it built a hegemony. However, since the early 1990s, when three successive Globalist US administrations came to power, there has been an erosion of US supremacy in the world. As a result, three decades later, there is a New World Order in the making.
Sad fact is that the US does not have much influence on how this New World Order is evolving. Since 2020, when Globalists have a trifecta control of the US government, the erosion continues in a vortex from bad to worse. The mess during Afghanistan pulled out, colossal mistakes against Pakistan, and now the Russia-Ukraine war came as strikes one, two, and three against the US supremacy of late.
Further erosion of the US might, in the international arena, naturally, may open the Pandora box. What is to prevent, then, for other sovereigns not to apply the US application of the international law? In that sense, what to do with Mîsâk-ı Millî when the US approach to international law is examined is not difficult to discern. Türkiye, simply, will do what the US will do, under the circumstances.
There Goes the Treaty of Lausanne
And Comes the Mîsâk-ı Millî Instead
Meanwhile, in Türkiye, public debate continues if the Treaty of Lausanne would expire at centennial. On one hand, there is a regime in power that naturally, but also unintentionally, fuels the debate. On the other hand, Globalists in the West, having undermined the US hegemony all throughout since 1992, have created a vacuum. Türkiye is a good candidate to fill it promptly.
Furthermore, in the lawless international system, nation-states make and break treaties based on political decisions. Türkiye has the political will and capacity to fulfill its international responsibility. The quandary is if Türkiye does not fulfill this role, the international system will punish it. In that regard, Türkiye has no better option but to seek the Mîsâk-ı Millî to fulfill its international obligation.
How ironic is not it?
There had to be a price for the US to pay for not voting better over the past three decades. The question of what to do with Mîsâk-ı Millî explains it best as far as rising Türkiye is concerned. Unfortunately, on the centennial anniversary of the Treaty of Lausanne, the Mîsâk-ı Millî is not the only global transformation. It is only one example how the New World Order is evolving.
The rising East is demanding answers from the West to some old questions.